AIDS represents a virus which affects the immune system of the infected person. This is the most severe and developed form of the contamination with HIV. A common misconception is that HIV and AIDS are the same. HIV can, in fact, exists independently from AIDS. If AIDS exists in the body – so does HIV.
A lot of people discover they are sick only when AIDS gives apparent and alarming symptoms. This is why testing should be done by everyone but especially by people who already have sexually transmitted diseases.After the virus had been acquired an infected person might miss the symptoms or lack them altogether.
Another case is when people experience symptoms of a common cold or something similar to the flu. This is only typical of the initial period which is followed by a quiet symptomless period.
The progression of the disease increases the person’s risk of acquiring other diseases like tuberculosis, cancer or various types of tumors, and other opportunistic infections. A common effect of the disease is also significant weight loss.
If a person suffering from this phase of the illness should avoid treatment their lifespan will be significantly shortened and would, at best, last three years.
When people are open about their situation they are showing that they are aware and responsible. This serves a purpose to the community and, of course, poses a good example. This should evoke support and understanding instead of judgment which people with AIDS commonly receive. A collective goal should be to keep it safe and keep others safe as well.
People who have AIDS sometimes have the luck to be treated properly and that the disease doesn’t affect their lives drastically. They sometimes use medication and they sometimes have symptoms. This would all be part of their routine.
AIDS can get acquired in various ways, most of them known and fairly logical. It is caused in most cases by unprotected relations, blood transfers with blood which is contaminated. Also, it is common for infants to acquire this disease through contact with mother’s infected blood or other bodily fluids, and through breastfeeding.
To protect babies, mothers and their children may undertake antiretroviral treatment also known as ART. Antiretroviral treatment can secure a healthy life and a longer lifespan. Treatment of any kind is recommended as soon as the diagnosis is established.
Fluids which do not transmit the virus are saliva, tears, or urine.
Prevention can be secured in several ways. One is obviously protected sexual relations, another is blood and needle control, scanning and safety and, of course, regular testing and treatment.